Робоча програма інфекційні хвороби (назва навчальної дисципліни) 12010005 "Стоматологія"




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Отмена

Terminy

Перевод: украинский > английский

Terms

definition



Live vaccines

killed vaccine

Wed single vaccine

Recombinant vaccines


toxoids

Kind of killed vaccines, where instead of solid killed microbe or virus uses certain required for immunization antigens, obtained by chemical means
















Inactivated bacteria toxins toksynotvornyh
















Contains full respect living in antigenic strains of pathogenic mikroohranizmiv, but the weakening of various methods to such an extent that they can not cause disease
















Contain germs killed the influence of physical or chemical factors: their immunogenicity is preserved but weakened
















Antigenic properties of a parasite transmitted by another input gene pathogenic microorganism in the pathogenic gene

















3.4.2. Tests for self-a = 2

1. Febris intermittens (intermittent) are:

1. alternating periods of high temperatures with periods of normal or even significantly reduced;

2. no regularity in time of the rise and fall of temperature;

3. there are diurnal variations in temperature within 1-1,5º C without reducing down to the norm;

4. diurnal temperature variations are not more than 0.5-1ºC;

5. morning temperature is higher than the evening one.


2. Blood culture - a method of diagnosis;

1. serological;

2. bakterioscopic;

3. bacteriological;

4. immunological;

5. virological


3. To the nitrofuran derivatives is included:

1. furazolidon;

2. norsulfazol;

3. erythromycin;

4. Fortum;

5. Rovamycin


4. Adsorbed pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus antitoxin belongs to:

1. monovaccines;

2. polyvalent vaccines;

3. associate vaccines;

4. recombinant;

5. live vaccines


5. Effect of influenza immunoglobulin:

1. is active artificial immunity;

2. is passive artificial immunity;

3. increases nonspecific resistance;

4. is the natural passive immunity;

5. is the natural active immunity.


6. The duration of the acute disease:

1. up to 1 month;

2. to 3 months.;

3. up to 6 months.;

4. up to 1 week;

5. more than 6 months




3.4.3. The tasks for self

To the doctor came a 25 year-old patient, with complaints of fever up to 38º С, nausea, vomiting up to 4 times a day, stool disorders up to 5 t / d with mucus. The disease is linked with the consumption of sour cream, purchased at the bazaar.

1. To which group of infections does the disease belong?

2. Solve the problem of hospitalization of the patient.

3. What methods of laboratory diagnosis should be prescribed?

4. Classroom materials for independent work.
4.1. The list of practical tasks to be performed in practice:
1. Principles of disinfection in infectious disease hospital; principles nozokomialniy prevent infection, infection of medical personnel;
2. rules of medical records in the infectious section;
3. Rule discharged patients with infectious patient;
4. features of infectious disease, phase of the infectious process, factors that influence its course, the role of immunity in infectious diseases;

4.2. Professional algorithm on the skills and abilities to diagnose



task

The sequence of

Note, the prevention of self-

1

Master methods of clinical examination of patients with infectious disease

I. Find out the complaints of the patient.

II. To find out the history:


1. Medical history of disease

2. Medical history of life


3. Epidanamnez


Separate complaints that characterize the main syndromes:
- Of intoxication
- Organ lesions
- dehydration
- Additional lesions

Pay attention to the beginning, the term of the sequence, the dynamics of symptoms, recurrence of disease.

Identify the disease and vaccination history. Separate hereditary and acquired signs of belonging to certain risk groups on the origin and course of infectious diseases

Identify the data on the implementation of a mechanism of transfer, pay attention to the patient stays in endemic regions, especially in food, observance of sanitary-hygienic nature of work, living and working conditions, contact with infectious patients, belonging to the group decreed



2

conduct Supervision
patient

II. To conduct an objective examination of all organs and systems, regardless of previous diagnosis

Remember: the presence, severity, recurrent symptoms caused by the term and severity of disease depends on patient age, comorbidity, immune status

3

Assign additional laboratory and research, interpret their results.


1. Total blood.
 
2. Urinalysis.

3. Biochemical blood analysis (depending on nosological forms)


4. General clinical, biochemical TSSR (by indications)
5. Koprotsytohrama in intestinal infections, analysis of faeces for worms.
6. Additional tools and techniques depending on nosology (by indications)
7.Spetsyfichna diagnosis:
and bacteriological methods.;
- Virological pilot.;
- Parazytoskopiya;
- Immunological methods;
- Molecular biological methods

Analyze and interpret results of laboratory diagnostics, remember that the results depend on the duration of illness, previous treatment, the material for the study (depending on nosological and clinical forms of disease).
Remember that the diagnosis is based primarily on data from clinical examination. Laboratory methods help establish the diagnosis and correct treatment.
Pay attention to rapid methods for specific diagnosis.



5. Materials pislyaaudytornoyi independent work.
Subjects UDRS and RWS

• Infectious diseases in the structure of general morbidity in Ukraine today.


• Recent developments in the principles of treatment of infectious diseases
• Modern vaccines and their role in preventing disease

    1. Методичні матеріали для студентів (додаються).

      1. Методичні вказівки для студентів до практичних занять

      2. Методичні вказівки до самостійної роботи студентів (додаються).

      3. Теми індивідуальних занять і їх форми




  1. Матеріальне забезпечення навчального процесу

Перелік навчального обладнання, технічних засобів навчання

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тести і ситуаційні задачі для поточного і модульного підсумкового контролю знань;



DVD –диски з клініки інфекційних хвороб.
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