Л. Е. Габрійчук, Н. М. Гадайчук, І. С. Степанова, Л. В. Тульчак практичний курс англійської мови для студентів І – ІІ курсів інртзп


C It was ranked the 7th best university in the world. D



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C It was ranked the 7th best university in the world.

D It was ranked the 6th best University in the world.

5. Which of the following London Universities is Europe’s largest finance school?



A London Business School.

B Cass Business School.

C Schiller International University.

D Regent’s College.

6. Which of the following London Universities is International?



A Brunel University.

B Courtauld Institute of Art.

C Richmond University.



D University of East London.
Speaking:

Прочитайте діалог і вивчіть його напамять.

London
– London, the capital of Great Britain, is one of the largest cities in the world. Do you know that?

– Of course. I’ve read that one fifth of England’s population is concentrated in London.

– That’s true. The population of London is over nine million people. There are many places of interest there.

– What do you advise me to see if I go to London for the first time?

– The Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey and Buckingham Palace are a must. People who come to London usually begin sightseeing with those places.

– Buckingham Palace is the residence of the Queen, is it so?

– Certainly. You will have a chance of watching a very old ceremony – Changing of the Guard.

– Does it take place in front of Buckingham Palace every day?

– Of course. If you are keen on ancient architecture, you should see Paul’s Cathedral and the Tower.

– They are in the center of London, aren’t they?

– Yes, they are. The Tower of London guarded the entry to London from the North Sea for many centuries.

– Is Hyde Park a must for the tourists?

– Yes, it is. Hyde Park is the place where mass meetings and demonstrations are held. You should also go to the British Museum which has a very large library.

– Thank you for the information.



Перекладіть на англійську мову.

1. – Лондон – столиця Великобританії, чи не так?

– Yes, it is. It is a big industrial centre.

– Яке населення в Лондоні?

– More than 9.000.000 people live in London.

– Чи багато в Лондоні визначних пам’яток?

– Quite a lot. London is an old city. There are many sights there; the House of Parliament, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and the Tower are the main sights.

– Коли була збудована the Tower?

– I don’t know exactly but it is as old as London.

2. – What is Big Ben?

– Це великий годинник на будівлі Парламенту.

– Is it far from the center of London?

– Це в самому центрі.

– Have you been there?



  • Так, багато разів.


LESSON 3

Grammar Pronouns

Nouns

Singular and Plural



Reading Higher Education in Ukraine

The University of London



Speaking Looking for a new apartment

Grammar (block 1)

Pronouns

Займенники

  1. Personal Pronouns (Особові займенники)



Subject Pronouns

Суб'єктні займенники

Object Pronouns

Об'єктні займенинки




singular

plural

singular

plural

1 st person

I

we

me

us

2 nd person

you

you

you

you

3rd person

He

She

it

they

him

her

it

them



Особові займенники іживаються для заміни іменникиів, коли відомо про кого чи про що іде мова:

  • Суб'єктні займенники вживаються як підмети:

  • Example: Where is Simon? – He is in the kitchen.

  • Об'єктні займенинки вживаються як додатки:

Verb + object pronoun

Preposition + object pronoun

  • Example: Help me. I’ve written to her. I like him. Look at them. Can you see it? They are waiting for us.

  1. Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns (Присвійні прикметники та займенники)





Possessive adjectives

Присвійні прикметники

Possessive Pronouns

Присвійні займенники




singular

plural

singular

plural

1 st person

my

our

mine

ours

2 nd person

your

your

yours

yours

3rd person

His

Her

its

their

His

Hers

-

theirs

Присвійні прикметники вживаються перед іменниками для вираження, кому належить іменник.

  • Example: I can’t find my keys.

Sally bought her computer last year.

Присвійні займенники вживаються без іменника, коли іменник лише мається на увазі.

  • Example: “Is this Peter's book?” – “No, it's mine.”

Their flat is smaller than ours.

3. Reflexive Pronouns. (Зворотні займенники).




Singular

Plural

1 st person

I - myself

We - ourselves

2 nd person

You - yourself

You - yourselves

3rd person

He – himself

She – herself

It - itself

They - themselves



  • Example: I burnt myself cooking dinner. He hurt himself while he was shaving.

Note! enjoy yourself – добре проводити час

help yourself – пригощатися (чимось)

Exercise 1. Виберіть правильний варіант займенника.

1. I phoned Sarah last night and gave she/her the message.

2. My brother is older than I/me, but he/him isn’t as tall as I/me am.

3. “Have you seen Peter today?” – “Yes, I/me saw he/him this morning. He/Him was going to the swimming pool”.

4. “What did those people want?” – “They/them asked I/me to help they/them.”

5. Sydney is famous for it/his/its opera house.

6. I’m sorry I didn’t telephone you. I lost you/your/yourself telephone number.

7. Did you enjoy you/your holiday?



Exercise 2. Заповніть пропуски займенниками.

I you he she it we they me you him her it us them

1. Where are my keys? I put … on the table a moment ago, but now…have disappeared.

2. If you have any problems, just tell someone and … will help you.

3. “What did you think of the film, Simon?” – “…enjoyed … very much.”

4. How far is … from Madrid to Paris?

5. “What does the government plan to do about education?”

6. … aren’t allowed to drive a car in Britain until …'re 17 years old.

7. Peter and I are going out this evening. …'re going to cinema. Would you like to come with …?

Exercise 3. Виберіть правильний варіант займенника.

1. We know their/theirs telephone number, but they don’t know our/ours.

2. My/mine car wasn’t as expensive as her/hers.

3. “How are your/yours children?” – “Fine, thanks. How are your/yours?”

4. Maria has got her/hers suitcase, but her/hers friends haven’t got their/theirs.

5. Our/ours flat isn’t as big as their/theirs, but our/ours is much more comfortable.



Exercise 4. Звповніть пропуски відповідною формою займенника або прикметинка.

Example: Why didn’t she ask us to help her? (she)

1. …house is much bigger than … (they/we).

2. Is this book … or … ? (you/I)

3. “Is Jack going on holiday with … friend?” – “No, …'s going by …”. (she/she/she)

4. How long have … been waiting for …? (they/we).

5. … was very angry with … for being so stupid. (I/I)

6. Someone came to see … while … were out. … told … that … would be back at 2 o'clock . (you/you/I/they/you)

7. “Who painted … flat?” – “Nobody. … painted it ….” (you/we/we)



…'s a coincidence that … birthday is on the same day as …. (it/he/her).


Grammar (block 2)

Singular and Plural of Nouns

(Однина та множина іменників)

  • Більшість іменників утворюють множину додаванням –s до форми однини (a bookbooks, a girlgirls)

  • Закінчення –es додається, якщо слово в однині закінчується на –ch, -sh, -s або –x (a churchchurches, a boxboxes)

  • Деякі іменники, що закінчуються на –о (tomato, potato, hero)в множині приймають закінчення –es (tomatotomatoes, heroheroes).

  • До інших іменників, що закінчуються на –о, додається закінчення –s (radioradios, pianopianos).

  • Іменники, що закінчуються на –y, яють –y на –і та до них додається закінчення –es (a factoryfactories)

NOTE! Ці іменники завжди вжиаються в однині!

furniture, money, food, news, advice, knowledge, fruit(s), twilight, information, chalk, progress, measles, politics, courage, cloth, economics, athletics, physics, gymnastics, hair, rice, margin, macaroni, equipment, linguistics, phonetics, fish(es)

NOTE! Ці іменники завжди вживаються в множині!

belongings, goods, grapes, trousers, police, jeans, scales, tweezers, mass media, oats, remains, reins, scissors, wages, contents, pajamas, tongs, people, tights, spectacles/glasses, breeches, pants, pliers, outskirts, suburbs, arms, proceeds, binoculars, earnings, stairs, steps, riches

NOTE! Деякі іменники мають однакову форму в однині і в множині!

fish, sheep, deer, means, trout, salmon, species, series, headquarters

Irregular plurals

(Неправильні форми утворення множини іменників)

Singular

Plural

Half

Leaf

Knife

Life

Halves

Leaves

Knives

Lives

Foot

Tooth

Man

Woman

Mouse

Feet

Teeth

Men

Women

Mice

Child

Ox

Children

Oxen

Sheep

Deer

Fish

Aircraft

Series

Species

Sheep

Deer

Fish

Aircraft

Series

Species

Crisis

Phenomenon

Crises

Phenomena

  • Звичайно однина іменників узгоджується з одниною дієслів та займенників. “Where is the key?” – “It’s on the table”. “Where are the keys?” – “They are on the table”.

  • Іменники people, police cattle завжди вживаються в множині. People are strange, aren’t they?

  • Деякі іменники закінчуються на –s, але це не множина (news, politics, mathematics, economics, physics, athletics).

  • Необчислювані іменники, назви предметів, які не можна перелічити, наприклад, milk, money, зазвичай не мають форми множини. There is some milk in the fridge. Money isn’t the most important thing in life, isn’t it?

Exercise 5. Напишіть наступні речення в множині.

1. This man is an engineer.

2. That woman is my sister.

3. This child is my son.

4. That goose is big.

5. This mouse is white.

6. This man is a doc­tor.

7. That woman is my cousin. She is a teacher

8. That girl is my niece. She is a pupil.

9. This girl has a blue sweater.

10. This boy has a good coat.

11. My uncle has a large flat.

12. There is a table in the room.

13. I have a good pen. My pen is in my pocket.

14. There is a flower in the vase.

15. This child's foot is sore.



Exercise 6. Заповніть пропуски іменниками з дужок.

When he fell over, he broke two of his … (tooth).

We’ve got enough … but we need some more …and (plate/knife/fork).

On their tour of Europe, they visited seven … in six … (country/day).

These … are too small for me. They hurt my … (shoe/foot).

Autumn is coming. The … are starting to fall from … (leaf/tree).

They’ve got five …, three … and two … (child/ girl/ boy).

London has many different …, …, … and … (restaurant/, theatre/cinema/disco).



Exercise 7. Напишіть загальну назву до груп слів.

1. Calculate, algebra, equation mathematics

2. Government, election, minister p________

3. Finance, trade, industry e_________

4. Running, jumping, throwing a_________

5. Light, heat, gravity p________

6. Computer, silicon, chip, video games el________

Exercise 8. Виберіть правильну форму присудка.

1. Gymnastics is/are my favourite sport.

2. The police want/wants to interview two men about the robbery last week.

3. Physics was/were my best subject at school.

4. Fortunately the news wasn’t/weren’t as bad as we expected.

5. Where do/does your family live?

6. Three days isn’t/aren’t long enough for a good holiday.

7. Do you think the people is/are happy with the government?

8. I don’t like very hot weather. Thirty degrees is/are too hot for me.
Reading:
Words and word-combinations


as conj — як, оскільки

as well — також

affect v — впливати

become v — становитися

consider v — вважати,

розглядати, враховувати



develop v — розвивати, розробляти

enable v — давати можливість

ensure v — забезпечувати,

гарантувати



especially adv — особливо

further aподальший

improve v — покращувати,

вдосконалювати



mean (meant) v — значити

means n — засіб

to play a part — грати роль

to take into consideration — брати

до уваги


at present — в теперішній час

number nчисло

a number of — низка, декілька

prepare v — готувати,

підготовлювати



provide v — забезпечувати,

постачати



receive v — отримувати

remain v — залишати

quality n — якість

thorough aдоскональний,

ретельний



usually adv — зазвичай


Text 3A

Higher Education in Ukraine
Higher education plays an important part in the life of any country as it provides the country with highly-qualified specialists for future development and progress. It trains people to become teachers, engineers, doctors and other professional workers.

In all the industrial countries standards of living are steadily changing; this means that the kind of education, which was good enough thirty years ago, is not necessarily good for them today. The serious need to find ways and means of ensuring continuous and thorough adoption of the universities to contemporary needs in our rapidly changing world is widely recognized. And this means that styles of teaching, quality of learning materials1 and organization of the university itself have to be continuously brought up to date2 and improved.

Besides, knowledge and information which come through the mass media must also be taken into consideration. This informa­tion explosion3 has affected every field of study, especially, of course, in the natural and applied sciences and in all other sciences as well. The increase of information requires new methods and new approaches to students' training and instruction4.

At present a new system of education is introduced in this country — a distance education system. This computer system of learning helps working professionals to continue their education while remaining at their jobs. This system enables people to get knowledge and a good foundation in the sciences basic to his or her field of study. Distance learning has developed over years5 from satellite video courses to modern videoconferencing through per­sonal computers.

The academic year usually lasts 9 months and is divided into two terms (semesters). The first- and second-year students obtain thorough instructions in the fundamental sciences of mathematics, physics, chemistry and drawing as well as computer engineering and a number of others. The curricula are enriched and broadened6 by instructions in such subjects as foreign languages, history and economics.

At the third year students get more advanced knowledge and begin to concentrate on their special interests, so to say, their «ma­jor» subject and take many courses in this subject. Specialized study and courses will help students to become specialists and prepare them for their future work.

After four years students will get a bachelor's degree. Then the students may go on with their studies and in a year or two of further study and research get a master's degree. After graduating from the university they may go on with their study and research and may get a still higher degree.

About 75 percent of students receive state grants. Universities have their own students' hostels and some of them have large and excellent sport centers.

Education is a process through which culture is preserved, knowledge and skills are developed, values are formed, and infor­mation is exchanged.

Education is the way to success.

Notes to the Text

1. learning materials — навчальний матеріал

2. to bring up to date — довести до сучасних умов

3. training and instruction — підготовка навчання

4. over years — за багато років

5. curricula are enriched and broadened — програми (курси навчання) збагачуються і поширюються


Завдання до тексту 3A.
Перекладіть на рідну мову наступні вирази.

Higher education, to change steadily, to be necessary, to ensure adoption, to find ways, through the mass media, applied sciences, while remaining at jobs, advanced knowledge, so to say, to go on with studying, to receive state grants, to get advanced knowledge, new approaches.



Перекладіть на англійську мову наступні словосполучення.

Бути достатньо добрим, широко визнавати, також, дистанційна освіта, давати можливість людям, супутникові курси, навчальний рік, студент третього курсу, програма навчання, такі предмети, розвивати знання та навички, формувати цінності, обмінюватися інформацією, отримати ступінь бакалавра, через рік.



Закінчіть речення.

1. Students receive s…. g….. .

2. S………. s…. helps students to become specialists.

3. The academic year is divided into t… t… .

4. Then the students may get a m…… d…..in a year or two.

5. The second –year students obtain t… i... in the fundamental sciences.



Дайте відповіді на запитання.

1. What does the higher education provide?

2. Why is it necessary to find new ways of teaching?

3. What does the increase of information require?

4. What is the distance learning?

5. Does the academic year last 10 months?

6. What subjects do the students study in the first year?

7. Will students get a master’s degree after four years of study?

8. How many students receive state grants?

9. Are there any sport centers at the Universities?

10. What subjects do you study in the first year?

11. Do you pay for your education?

12. Do you get grants?
Text 3B

The University of London
Уважно прочитайте текст і перекладіть на рідну мову виділені слова.
The University of London is a federation of some forty-four schools and institutes, which together register over 40,000 internal and a great number of external students; the latter come to London only to sit for their examinations. In fact most external students at London University are living in London.

The schools, institutes and colleges of the University of London are essentially teaching institutions providing instructions chiefly by means of lectures, which are attended mainly by day students.

The character and organization of the University of London are such that it’s better to look at its history separately. The university was founded in 1836 as an examining and degree-granting body only and remained as an institution with limited functions until 1900 when it was reconstructed in its present form. The Senate (Рада Університету) was given the lawful right to admit institutions within the County of London as Schools of the University.

The schools of the London University vary greatly in size and character from a series of specialized postgraduate institutes and a number of medical and dental schools to several large institutions such as: University College and King’s College which in themselves are autonomous universities in most respects.

The University of Wales provides a further example of a federal institution. Founded in 1893 it organized the three university colleges into a unified system for purpose of degree examinations. Later on four more university colleges were added as constituent parts of the University. Now it is a great university with 20,000 internal students.

Speaking:

Прочитайте діалог і вивчіть його на память.
You are looking for a new apartment. You meet the landlord and ask him some questions


  • Good afternoon, I would like to rent one of your apartments.

  • Wonderful, would you like me to give a tour of one.

  • That would be great, but first I have some questions. How many floors are there in this building?

  • There‘re five floors with two apartments on each floor.

  • How many bedrooms are there in the apartment?

  • There’s only one.

  • Does the kitchen come with a dishwasher?

  • No, I’m afraid not.

  • Is the bathroom in good condition?

  • For a 25-year-old bathroom, I would say it’s in pretty good condition.

  • I see. How much is the rent?

  • 800$ a month, and rising.

  • Are you kidding? That’s too expensive. I’ll have to look somewhere else.

Exercise 10. Знайдіть в тексті англійські еквіваленти наступним словосполученням:

Орендувати квартиру, показати одну з них, чи обладнана кухня, платня буде зростати, ви жартуєте?



LESSON 4

Grammar Тривалі часи. Активний стан

Reading Vinnytsia

Vinnytsia National Technical University



Speaking Distance learning
Grammar

Continuous Tense. Active Voice.
Present Continuous (Progressive) Tense

Теперішній тривалий час
Утворення

Present Continuous має форму be + Ving


Стверджувальна форма

Заперечна форма

Питальна форма

I am




І am not




am І




you are




you are not




are you




he

she is

it

working

he

she is not

it

working

he

is she

it

working?

we

you are they




we

you are not they




we are you

they





Цю форму ще часто називають «present progressive». При додаванні закінчення –ing інколи відбуваються зміни в написанні слів:

  • Example: begin – beginning

Вживання

Present Continuous вживається для вираження дії, яка відбувається в момент мовлення:



  • Example: Where are the children?They аre playing in the

garden.

You can switch off the TV. I'm not watching it.

Present Continuous вживається для вираження дії, яка відбувається у теперішньому часі, але не обов’язково в момент мовлення:



  • Example: You аre spending a lot of money these days.

Sue is looking for a job at the moment.

Present Continuous вживається для вираження дії, яка відбувається в теперішньому часі протягом певного періоду:



  • Example: Robert is on holiday this week. He's staying with his

wife in Greece.

Present Continuous вживається для вираження змінних дій або дій, що розвиваються, та ситуацій у теперішньому часі:



  • Example: Your children are growing up very quickly.

Computers are becoming more and more important in

our lives.

Present Continuous може вживатися для вираження дії у майбутньому часі:



  • Example: I'm meeting Sue on Saturday evening.

Порівняйте:

Present Continuous вживається для вираження дії в розвитку або дії, що відбувається в момент мовлення, а також для вираження тимчасо­вих ситуацій.

  • Example: Are you working now?

Don’t forget your umbrella when you go out. It’s

raining outside.

I’m sleeping on the sofa these days because my bad is

broken.

Present Simple вживається для вираження повторюваних або звич­них дій, для вираження загальновідомих дій та постійних ситуацій.

  • Example: Do you work every Saturday afternoon?

It rains a lot in Britain in March and April.

I sleep eight hours every night.

Деякі дієслова не вживаються в тривалих часах:



  • Дієслова мислення:

think (вважати), see (розуміти), believe, understand, know, recognize, suppose, remember, imagine, forget, mean, realize.

  • Дієслова відчуттів:

like, dislike, hate, love, prefer, want, wish.

  • Дієслова сприймання:

see, hear, smell, taste, feel.

  • Інші дієслова:

have (мати), own, belong to, owe, need, include, cost, contain, weigh, sound, be, seem, deserve.

Коли ці дієслова описують дію, а не стан, їх можна вживати в формах Continuous.



Порівняйте:

I think you are right. Ssh! I'm thinking.

I've my car for 6 months. I'm having lunch.

Do you see what I mean? Are you seeing the doctor tomorrow?

Note!

V+ing forms can be used as modifiers before nouns.

  • Example: A sleeping child...; working men and women.

Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense

Минулий тривалий час
Утворення

Past Continuous утворюється за допомогою was/were + Ving.


Стверджувальна форма

Заперечна форма

Питальна форма

I was




I was not




was I




you were



you were not



were you



he

she was it

working


he

she was not

it

working


he

was she

it

working?


you were



we

you were not they



were we

you

they




Вживання

Past Continuous вживається для вираження дії, що тривала в мину­лому. Дія або ситуація почалася, але не завершилася в той час.



  • Example: At eight о 'clock last night I was watching TV.

I saw you last night. You were waiting for a bus.

Past Continuous та Past Simple часто вживаються в реченні одночасно. Past Continuous означає тривалу дію або ситуацію, яка відбувалась у минулому; Past Simple означає нетривалу дію, яка відбулася в середині більш тривалої дії або перервала її.



  • Example: I was driving along when a child ran across the road.

When Kate was watching TV, the telephone rang.

Note!

Because we often use Past Continuous to talk about something that is a “background”, not the main “news”, we can make something seem less important by using this tense.

  • Example: I was talking to the President last night, and he said...(as if there was nothing special for the speaker about talking to the President)

Past Continuous can be used with always, continually and similar words to talk about things that happened repeatedly and unexpectedly, or in unplanned way.

  • Example: Aunt Lucy was always turning up without warning and

bringing us presents.

I didn’t like him – he was continually borrowing money.


Future Continuous (Progressive) Tense

Майбутній тривалий
Утворення

Future Continuous має форму will be + Ving


Стверджувальна форма

Заперечна форма

Питальна форма

I




I




will I




you




you




will you




he

she

it

will be working

he

she

it

will not be working

he will she

it

be working?

we




we




we




you they




you they




will you

they





Скорочення

ll = will won’t = will not


Вживання

Future Continuous вживається для вираження дії, яка буде у роз-витку в певний момент у майбутньому.

  • Example: I’ll be having dinner at 7.00.

Don’t phone me at 8.00. I'll be doing my homework

then.

What will you be doing this time next week?

Future Continuous вживається для вираження дій у майбутньо­му, які вже сплановані або є частиною звичайного розпорядку.

  • Example: I'll be driving into town later on. Do you want a lift?

Would you like me to give Peter a message for you?

Oh, I don't want to trouble you.

It's no trouble really. I'll be seeing Peter tomorrow

anyway.

Future Continuous часто вживається як ввічлива форма питання про чиїсь плани, особливо при бажанні щось зробити для когось.


  • Example: Will you be going out this morning?

Yes, why?

Oh, could you get me a newspaper?



Will you be using your camera at the weekend? I

wondered if I could borrow it.

Note!

This tense can also be used to “predict the present” – to say what we think or guess is probably happening now.

  • Example: Don't phone them now – they’ll be having lunch.


Exercise 1. Доповніть речення одним із дієслів, використовуючи Present Continuous абo Present Simple.

Go, read, use, look, work, prepare, get on, write, hope, work.

1. I … this letter to thank you for the beautiful birthday present. It's a very nice camera. I … it very often. How … you ..? … you … hard every day? I … everything … all right. My sister … forward to visiting you during her holidays. Now she … an interesting book. And my son … at the report. He … for his Geography lesson.

Exercise 2. Поставте дієслова в дужках в Present Simple або Present Continuous.

1. You can turn off the TV-set. I … (not watch) it.

2. Whatyou(do) here? I thought you left two days ago.

3. How many hoursyou (work) every day?

4. They(want) to go to Paris this summer.

5. This pie(taste) awful.

6. The water(boil). Would you like tea or coffee?

7. “What a lovely watch!” “It(not work), I'm afraidit's been broken for a long time.

8. “Where is he now?” Не … (play) football, as usual.”

9. “What languages … you … (speak)?” “English, French and Spanish.”

10. “Who … (play) the piano upstairs?” “My sister.

Exercise 3. Доповніть речення одним із дієслів, використовуючи Past Continuous абo Past Simple.

Dance, learn, watch, do, ski, wash up, cook, speak, make, discuss, lay, clean, work.

1. What … you … at 5 p.m.? I ... the room.

2. At that moment my teacher … over the telephone.

3. The mother asked her children not to make so much noise as the father … in the study.

4. Yesterday we … in the forest the whole day.

5. When I came to the party all the guests ...

6. What … you … at the meeting yesterday?

7. While Jane .., Ann … sandwiches.

8. I … English grammar all day long yesterday.

9. While my mother … dinner I … the table.

10. My brother asked not to disturb, him as he … an interesting movie.

Exercise 4. Поставте дієслова в дужках в Past Continuous або Past Simple.

1. Jane wasn't at home when I(go) to see her. She(work) in the garden.

2. They (clean) the carpet when they(find) the ear-ring.

3. He(meet) Sarah at the birthday party. She(wear) a white dress.

4. What you (speak) about before I(interrupt) you?

5. Bob (be) late but his friends(wait) for him.

6. Whenyou(get) this parcel?

7. I … (expect) to see you at the conference but you weren't there.

8. When I … (cross) the street, I … (think) there were no cars.

9. He … (know) nothing about America. It … (be) a big surprise to him. 10. Where … you … (go) when I … (stop) you?

Exercise 5. Поставте дієслова в дужках в Future Simple або Future Continuous.

1. I … (come) at six o’clock. – Good, I … (wait) for you.

2. I can’t understand this article. – I … (call) my friend, he … translate it for you.

3. This time next month I … (sit) in the plane.

4. You look frozen. Sit down by the fire and I … (make) you a cup of tea.

5. That tree makes the house dark. – OK, I … (cut) it down.

6. What … you … (do) when you graduate from the University? – I … (try) to find a good paid job.

7. What … you … (do) at this time tomorrow? – I … (play) football.

8. My younger brother … (be) in the sixth form next year. That means he … (start) learning Geometry.

9. Don’t ring her up to 9, she … (prepare) for the exam. Ring up later.

10. At the midnight I … (dance) with my friends in a new disco club.

Exercise 6. Виберіть правильну форму присудка.

1. You are very quiet. What do you think/are you thinking about?

2. What do you think/are you thinking about my idea?

3. What does this word mean/is this word meaning?

4. Did you hear/Were you hearing the news?

5. You don't watch/You aren't watching the TV at the moment. Switch it off.

6. I'm sorry, but I didn't remember/ was not remembering to get your newspaper when I went shopping.

7. Do you like/Are you liking this painting?

Exercise 7. Використайте Present Continuous або конструкцію be going to.

1. I (play) tennis tonight with Tom and Ann.

2. He (have) an operation next week.

3. It's very cold. I (light) a fire.

4. We (have) some friends to lunch tomorrow.

5. I've bought a piano; it (be) delivered this afternoon. — Where you (put) it? — I (put) it in the dining room.

6. You (go) to the auction tomorrow? — Yes, I (go) but I (not buy) anything.

7. I've reminded you once; I (not do) it again.

8. I (have) my hair cut this afternoon.

9. My nephew (come) to stay with me next weekend. — Where you (put) him? — I (put) him in the room in the tower.

10. Our class (start) German next term.

11. I (spend) a few days in London next week.

12. The Town Council (build) a new school here.

13. What you (tell) the police? — I (tell) them the truth.

14. He (start) tomorrow.

15. The Queen (open) Parliament next month.

16. The Prime Minister (speak) on TV tonight.

17. This shop (close) down next week.

18. When you (have) your next lesson? — I (have) it on Monday.

19. I (wear) my new dress this afternoon.

20. We (take) our friend to the seaside this summer.

21. I (give) him a football for his next birthday.

22. She (sing) in her first big concert next month.

23. He (go) to Spain for his holidays. — He (fly)? — No, he (go) by boat.

24. She (see) a specialist next week.

25. He (wash) the car?

26. He (ring) me up tonight.

27. The inspector (ask) you a few questions.

28. Her parents (give) a party for her next month. They (invite) sixty guests.

29. Have you got a ticket for the big match on Saturday? — No, I don't even know who (play). — France (play) England.

30. They (launch) a ship this afternoon. You (come) to see it?

31. What you (do) with the money?

32. I (pick) you up at 6.30; don't forget.

33. Where you (go) tonight? — I (go) out with Peter. He (call) for me at eight.

34. I (compete) in the bicycle race tomorrow.

35. Mr Pitt has just phoned to say that he (not come) back till Wednesday night.

36. I (read) you his answer to my letter of complaint.

Exercise 8. Поставте дієслова в дужках в Future Simple або Future Continuous.

1. I am sure that I (recognize) him.

2. I (see) her tomorrow.

3. He (play) in a tennis match on Friday.

4. She (come) back on Monday.

5. I (go) again next year.

6. We (know) tonight.

7. You pay and I (owe) you the money.

8. I (believe) it when I see it.

9. I (have) my car repainted next week.

10. I hope that you (have) a good time tomorrow.

11. His speech (be) broadcast tonight.

12. The window-cleaner (come) at eight tomorrow.

13. Tom (catch) the 7.40 train.

14. Where you (meet) them? — I (meet) them at midnight in the middle of the wood.

15. What horse you (ride) tomorrow?

16. Look! I've broken the teapot. What Mrs Pitt (say)? — She (not mind); she never liked that one.

17. I've left the light on. It (matter)?

18. He (not forget) to come.

19. He (leave) in a few days.

20. I (remember) it.

21. If you drop that bottle it (break).

22. I never (forgive) him.

23. I'm sure that you (like) him.

24. They (lay) the foundations next week.

25. You (see) a signpost at the end of the road.

26. He has cut my hair too short. — Don'tworry; it (grow) again very quickly.

27. You (understand) when you are older.

28. The cat (scratch) you if you pull its tail.

29. I (be) back at 8.30.

30. If he doesn't work hard he (not pass) his exam.

31. She (go) on a cruise next summer.

32. I (move) to a new flat next week.

33. I am sorry that the child saw the accident. — I don't think it matters. He soon (forget) all about it.

34. I (wait) here till he comes back.

35. He (not write) to you unless you write to him.

36. There (be) a big meeting here tomorrow.
Reading:
Word and word-combinations
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