Venture – ризикований захід Lift-offn – відрив від землі
Re-entryn – повернення Weightlessness – невагомість
Crash – аварія Theory ofrelativity – теорія
Gifted – oбдарований відносності
Course of history – xід історії Outspoken believer– відвертий
Outcome n – pезультат прихильник
Drop out – «вилітати»User-friendly – зручний
Visionary – далекогляднийЕveryday – звичайний
People Who Changed the World
"I see Earth. It's so beautiful!" These are the first words ever spoken by a human in space. The speaker was 27-year-old Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin.
Yuri Gagarin was born on 9 March 1934, in Smolensk, Russia. When he left school, Yuri decided to train as an engineer, so he enrolled at a technical college on the outskirts of Moscow. While he was a student, he became interested in aircraft and took lessons at a local flying school. Soon it became obvious he was a talented pilot, so when he finished his studies in 1955, he joined the Soviet Air Force. This proved to be a turning point in his life. He was chosen to be a test-pilot, flying new and experimental aircraft. Yuri was selected to join a special group of the country's best test pilots and went on to further training to be a cosmonaut. His instructors described him as very calm and confident with very quick reactions.
Yuri's epic one-hundred-and-eight-minute flight into space on 12 April 1961 made headline news all over the world. It was man's first venture into space and the beginning of his journey tothe stars. As the pilot of the spaceship, Gagarin proved that ahuman could survive lift-off, re-entry and weightlessness and return safely to Earth. What's more, he was able to record important data which future astronauts would use.
Yuri Gagarin became a national hero. Unfortunately, he was tragically killed seven years later in a plane crash. He was thirty-four years old.
Albert Einstein is one of the most gifted scientists of all time. He is best known for his theory of relativity, which he developed when he was only twenty-six and which changed the way scientists looked at space and time.
Einstein was born on 14 March 1874, in Ulm, Württemberg,Germany. He studied Mathematics and Physics at Zurich University and continued to live in Switzerland after finishing his studies. He worked in an office, but spent his spare time doing scientific research and experiments.
He became professor at Zurich University in 1909, but even before that his research had made him an important force in the world of physics. In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Einstein's genius changed the course of history, since it was central to the development of atomic energy. Einstein was anoutspoken believer in world peace, however, and he was deeply saddened when he realized the outcome of his research would be an atom bomb. He said at the time, "If only I had known, I'd have become a watchmaker."
In 1933, Einstein accepted a position for life as a professor at Princeton University. He lived there, dedicated to the study of physics, until his death in 1955.
In 1975, Steve JobsfoundedApple Computer, a company that revolutionizedthe personal computer.
Born in 1955, Steve grew up in Silicon Valley, California. He dropped out of college after the first term and took a job as a video game designer. Here he met up with an old friend, Steve Wozniak, and together they founded Apple.
The pair built their first computer in Jobs' parents' garage. A local electronics shop bought fifty of these computers and the company was on its way to success. The company's second model, Apple II, changed the computer industryforever by making computers smaller and moreuser-friendly, so they could be used by ordinary people. Both charming and demanding, Jobs managed to push Apple Computer to the head of the computer revolution.
Steve Jobs'visionary designschanged people's idea of computers. "We started out to get a computer in the hands of everyday people, and we succeeded beyond our wildest dreams,"he once said. He now has plans to lead another revolution, this time in software, by making it quicker and cheaper to develop. Завдання до тексту 5A. Дайте відповіді на запитання.
was disappointed with how his work was used? made something that could be used by the average person? developed something new? became famous overnight? paved the way for others? did something that could have been dangerous for him? received an important award? achieved his dream?
2012 London Olympics. Ukrainian Gold Medals. Vasyl Lomachenko (born February 17, 1988 in Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi) is a Ukrainian amateur boxer who won the gold medal at the 2012 London Olympics in the featherweight division. Lomachenko is coached by his father Anatoly.
Lomachenko won gold at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, China. He avenged his 2007 World Championship defeat to Selimov in the first round. Lomachenko beat his five opponents by an astonishing 58-13 on the way to his first gold medal, and was subsequently named the outstanding boxer for the tournament and awarded the Val Barker Trophy.
In 2012 London Olympics he won his second consecutive Gold Medal. He defeated Han Soon-Chul of South Korea in the final by 19-9.
Kateryna Tarasenko (born 6 August, 1987 in Dnipropetrovsk) is a Ukrainian rower. Along with Yana Dementieva (born 23 October, 1978 in Kharkiv) she finished 7th in the women's double sculls at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Both of them together with Nataliia Dovhodko (born February 7, 1991 in Kyiv) and Anastasiia Kozhenkova (born 19 January, 1986 in Kovel, Volyn Oblast) won the gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the quadruple sculls event.
Oleksandr Usyk (born 17 January, 1987 in Simferopol) is a Ukrainian amateur boxer who won the 2008 European Amateur Boxing Championships at light-heavyweight, the 2011 World Amateur Boxing Championships at heavyweight and the gold medal at the 2012 London Olympics in the heavyweight division. He is a southpaw.
Oleksii Torokhtii (born May 22, 1986 in Zuhres, Donetsk Oblast) is a Ukrainian weightlifter. He won the gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the men's 105 kg category with a total of 412 kg.
Yana Shemiakina (born January 6, 1986 in Lviv) is a Ukrainian fencer (specialised in Épée) who won Bronze during the 2009 European Fencing Championships. Shemiakina is a student at Lviv State University of Physical Culture. In 2012, at the 2012 London Olympics she won the gold medal after defeating Britta Heidemann of Germany in the women's individual epee fencing final.
Yurii Cheban (born 5 July, 1986 in Odesa) is Ukrainian sprint canoer who has been competing since 2003. He took up the sport at age 14. His mother and coach Liudmyla Cheban, who is a former athlete herself, brought him to the sport. He first tried kayak but in a month he was asked to switch to canoe as there was a need for canoeists.
In 2003, despite being a year younger than many of his rivals, he was a world junior silver medal at Komatsu, Japan. He won a bronze medal in the C1 500m event at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Yuri Cheban wins gold medal in men's singles 200-meter canoe sprint at the 2012 Summer Olympics.
He is a student at Poltava National Pedagogical University. His hobbies are hunting, computers and cars.
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Знайдіть додаткову інформацію і зробіть презентацію «Olympic Games».
Прочитайте діалоги і вивчіть їх напам’ять.
A Do you think you could possibly watermy house-plants for me? I'm away onbusiness for two weeks.
B No problem. I'll be glad to. I'll keep aneye on your whole flat if you like.
A That would be great.
B Don't worry, I know how house-proudyou are. I'll make sure everything staysclean and tidy.
A I'll do the same for you any time, youknow.
A Julie, have you heard? Anna's just beenmade managing director of the UK branch of her firm, so she's coming back from the States!
B Oh, Mum, that's wonderful news. Let's give her a spectacular home-coming party when she gets back. Hmmm. She's certainly the career girl of the family.
A My love, you don't envy her, do you?
B Not me. I'm the original happy housewife, remember? Four kids, home-made cakes, home-grown vegetables!
A And how are my fabulous grandchildren?
A We're having a house-warming party onthe 12th. Can you come?
B Yes, you bet. We'd love to! But I didn'tknow you'd moved.
A Yeah, two weeks ago. It's much biggerthan the old one. A huge kitchen and
three big bedrooms.
B It sounds wonderful.
A Yeah. Mind you, there's much morehousework to do!
б) як займенники-іменники у функції підмета і додатка:
Example:Some doesn’t like to be criticized.
Дехто не люблять, коли їх критикують.
Do any of your engineers know French?
Хтось із ваших інженерів знає французьку?
Займенникsome,вжитий перед злічуваним іменником у множині або замість нього, означає кілька, деякі, дехто:
Example:There are some shops in our village.
У нашому селіcкілька крамниць.
Some looked pretty bad.
Дехто мав досить кепський вигляд.
Перед злічуваними іменниками в однині some означає який-небудь, якийсь:
Example:I read it in some magazine.
Я читав це в якомусь журналі.
Перед незлічуваними іменникамиsome означає деяку кількість і на українську мову звичайно не перекладається:
Example:Don't forget to buy some butter.
He забудь купити масла.
Перед числівникамиsome має значення приблизно:
Example:I've read some 50 pages.
Я прочитав десь сторінок 50.
Займенникany означає який-небудь, які-небудь, скільки-небудь. На українську мову він здебільшого не перекладається:
Example:Are there any mushrooms there?
Там є гриби?
We haven't got any sugar.
У нас нема цукру.
Складні неозначені займенники somebody, someoneхтось, хто-небудь; somethingщось; anybody, anyonexтo-небудь; anythingщо-небудь є займенниками-іменниками. Вони вживаються в загальному і присвійному відмінках. У загальному відмінку ці займенники виконують функції підмета і додатка (іноді іменної частини присудка), а в присвійному відмінку — функцію означення: