Listen to the segment of the recording and tick the instruments that are mentioned.
lard-can bull fiddle
Section 4. Writing activity
Write a 100-120-word summary of a newspaper article related to making / listening to music or musical instruments (selected from the English-language press).
Теми:Family Lifeand Home Education. Section 1. Reading Comprehension.
2.1. Read the following excerpt. Each passage in this section is followed by a group of questions. For some of the questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. You are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answers the question. Bringing up Children
It is generally accepted that the development of the human personality includes a series of stages. Though there are cases where one stage of child development has been left out, or not sufficiently experienced, the child may have to go back and capture the experience of it. A good home makes this possible - for example by providing the opportunity for the child to play with a clockwork car or toy railway train up to any age if he still needs to do so. This principle, in fact, underlies all psychological treatment of children in difficulties with their development, and is the basis of work in child clinics.
The beginnings of discipline are in the nursery. Even the youngest baby is taught by gradual stages to wait for food, to sleep and wake at regular intervals and so on. If the child feels the world around him is a warm and friendly one, he slowly accepts its rhythm and accustoms himself to conforming to its demands. Learning to wait for things, particularly for food, is a very important element in upbringing, and is achieved successfully only if too great demands are not made before the child can understand them.
Every parent watches eagerly the child's acquisition of each new skill - the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of anxiety in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early, a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural zest for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.
Learning together is a fruitful source of relationship between children and parents. By playing together, parents learn more about their children and children learn more from their parents. Toys and games which both parents and children can share are an important means of achieving this co-operation. Building-block toys, puzzles and crosswords are good examples.
Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness or indulgence towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters, others are severe over times of coming home at night, punctuality for meals or personal cleanliness. In general, the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child's own happiness and well-being.
As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality. Also, parents should realize that ' example is better than precept'. If they are hypocritical and do not practise what they preach, their children may grow confused and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been lo some extent deceived. A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents' ethics and their morals can be a dangerous disillusion.
1. The child in the nursery
doesn't initially sleep and wake at regular intervals.
quickly learns to wait for food.
always accepts the rhythm of the world around him.
always feels the world around him is warm and friendly.
Незважаючи на те, що студентка мала хороші знання з французької мови, вона все ж таки зробила грубу помилку, відповідаючи на запитання викладача. Можливо, вона дуже хвилювалася.
Білл скаржився на марнотратство своєї жінки, яка неекономно витрачала його гроші.
6. Чи не час нашій дискусії прийди до якогось результату?
7. Раптово відчинились двері і в кімнату влетіли діти.
8. Батьки завжди сварять дітей за недисципліновану поведінку.
9. Я не слідкував за бесідою, тому так і не зрозумів її головної суті.
10. Детально обшукавши свою стару одежу, я знайшов ключ.
Section 3. Listening Comprehension. 3.1. Listen to two friends discussing their relationships with brothers and sisters during childhood and the later life. As you listen, complete the sentences below with an appropriate word or short phrase. Dave has (1) …who is about four years (2)…. than him. When they were children, Dave felt that he often ended up getting (3)… because of her. The biggest problems in their relationship occurred when they were (4)………. . Dave thought his sister was rather (5) …. and he took the side of his (6)… . Eventually, Dave decided to (7)..... .Today Dave and his sister see (8)… of each other and they try get on (9)… .
Celia has two sisters and she is the (10) of the three. As a child, she remembers feeling (11)…towards
her (12) , perhaps because they were so close in age. She was particularly (13)…to her other sister who was five years (14)… .Nowadays, they all enjoy a very close relationship. Section 4. Writing Activity.
4.1. Write a commentary of about 300 words to one of the suggested ideas:
“Love is like measles; we all have to go through it.” (Jerome K. Jerome)
“A good marriage will be between a blind wife and a deaf husband.” (Montaigne)
“All happy families resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” (Leo Tolstoy)
“There’s never a problem child, there are only problem parents.”
“Anyone who expects quick results in child upbringing is an incurable optimist
Вимоги до знань, умінь та навичок студентів. VIII семестр
Письмова частина екзамену передбачає:
1) реферування україномовної газетної статті на одну з тем, які вивчались протягом семестру.
Обсяг статті 350-400 слів (без урахування службових слів).
Обсяг резюме 150 слів (з урахуванням службових слів).
Об’єкт перевірки: знання та навички орфографії, лексико-граматичні навички, вміння реферувати текст, вміння дотримуватись норм газетно-публіцистичного стилю.
Усний іспит складається з трьох основних завдань. Перше завдання спрямоване на перевірку навичок мовленнєвої діяльності, пов’язаних з обробкою автентичного тексту (читання, переклад, реферування, лінгвостилістичний аналіз). Співбесіда по запропонованій темі передбачає перевірку навичок монологічного мовлення та знання тематичної лексики.