В. Н. Каразіна практична граматика англійської мови для студентів 3 курсу неособисті форми дієслова Дієприкметник Навчально-методичний посібник


Barbara: The kitchen floor is a mess



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Дата конвертації21.11.2018
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ТипНавчально-методичний посібник
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Barbara: The kitchen floor is a mess.


Annette: How about (it/retile)? ________________________________________

Barbara: The bathroom is too small for a bath.

Annette: What about (a shower/put in)? ____________________________________

Barbara: The water pipes are rusty.


Annette: Why don't you (them/replace)? __________________________________________

Barbara: The garage is falling down.

Annette: You could (a new one/build). ___________________________________

Situation 2. Jennifer moved to a new town last week. She knows nothing about the town, so this morning she looked at the ads in the local paper. What did she think looking at the ads?


  1. What she saw: Gardener. No Garden is Too Big or Small.

What she though: I can / garden / tidy by them

  1. What she saw: Interior design. Redesign your home or your office.

What she though: I can / my living room / design there

  1. What she saw: Clearners. Fast cleaning service.

What she though: I will / my suits / clean here

  1. What she saw: Locksmith. Locks and keys are our speciality.

What she though: I can / new locks / make / for the house there

  1. What she saw: Top Stylists Salon. Low Prices.

What she though: I will /my hair /cut there

  1. What she saw: Tailor. Clothes Repairs and Alterations Done Here.

What she though: I will my clothes / mend there


Situation 3. Terry and Laura are two busy housewives. They are speaking about innovations in their houses. Complete their conversation.

Terry: I ___________________ (an extension / build) on my house this week.
Laura: That's nice. When it's finished, ____________________ (it / decorate)?


Terry: No, I'm going to do that myself. First, though, I __________________ (double glazing / fit).

Laura: _________________________ (carpets / lay)?

Terry: I'm not sure yet. How about you? ______________________ (you / your curtains / deliver) last week?

Laura: Yes. They're really nice. I also __________________(the carpets / clean), so everything looks lovely now.
TASK 29. Replace the underlined phrases with the structure ‘have something done’. Follow the example.

Example. I didn’t recognize Sheila. The hairdresser dyed her hair. = She had her hair dyed.

  1. I’ve been getting a lot of annoying calls, so the telephone company is going to change my number.

  2. Gabrielle broke her leg six weeks ago but she’s much better now. In fact the doctor should be taking the plaster off tomorrow.

  3. Since Rowland made a lot of money, he’s not content with his little cottage, so an architect’s designed him a fine new house.

  4. This room gets too hot when the sun shines so I’m getting someone to fit the blinds on the windows.

  5. I heard that Mrs. Green didn’t trust her husband so she hired a detective to follow him!

  6. We don’t really know what Shakespeare looked like. I wish he had asked someone to paint his portrait before he died.

  7. My sister had always been self-conscious about her nose so she decided to go to a clinic for an operation which will straighten it.



TASK 30. Underline the right answer to the question about the sentences given below.


  1. I watched some men digging a hole in the road. Did I watch until they had finished?

YES NO NOT CLEAR

  1. I watched some men dig a hole in the road. Did I watch until they had finished?

YES NO NOT CLEAR

  1. I thought that Janet was very interesting in the play. What was Janet doing?

PERFORMING WATCHING NOT CLEAR

  1. I thought that Janet was very interested in the play. What was Janet doing?

PERFORMING WATCHING NOT CLEAR

  1. I must alter this dress before I wear it again. Will I do the work myself?

YES NO NOT CLEAR

  1. I must have this dress altered before I wear it again. Will I do the work myself?

YES NO NOT CLEAR

  1. “Where’s John?” “He’s gone walking.” What kind of activity is this?

A SHORT ONE A LONG ONE NOT CLEAR

  1. “Where’s John?” “He’s gone for a walk.” What kind of activity is this?

A SHORT ONE A LONG ONE NOT CLEAR

  1. You must have repaired the lawn mower. Is the lawn mower still broken?

YES NO NOT CLEAR

  1. You must have the lawn mower repaired. Is the lawn mower still broken?

YES NO NOT CLEAR
PARTICIPLE II AS PART OF A COMPOUND VERBAL PREDICATE

(Complex Subject)

In this function Participle II is found very seldom and is used after certain verbs in the passive voice. The most frequent verbs are:



to see to hear to make to feel to find

e.g. The treasure was found hidden under an old oak tree. = Обнаружили, что сокровище было спрятано под старым дубом. / Виявили, що скарб був захований під старим дубом.

Mr. Brown was constantly seen drunk in the middle of the afternoon. = Мистера Брауна постоянно видели пьяным в середине дня. / Містера Брауна постійно бачили п'яним у середині дня.

I am afraid this information will have to be made known. = Боюсь, эту информацию придется предать гласности. / Боюся, цю інформацію треба бути оприлюдити.
PARTICIPLE II AS A PREDICATIVE

In this function Participle II denotes a state.



link verb + Participle II

e.g. You seem surprised.

The door remained locked.

The audience was shocked.

Robert felt thoroughly disappointed.

Sarah looked perplexed and troubled.



TASK 31. Fill in the blank with the correct form of the participle. Follow the example.

Example. (to excite) Last Saturday's game excited the fans. The game was exciting. The excited fans cheered wildly. It was an exciting game. The fans were excited.

  1. (to please) The students' performance in their play pleased their teacher. The students' performance was _______ to their teacher. The ________ teacher congratulated them. It was a _______ performance. Their teacher was ______.

  2. (to charm) Anne's singing charms her friends. Anne's singing is ________. Her______ friends often ask her to sing. Her voice is ________ to her friends. Her friends are _______.

  3. (to shock) The mayor's announcement about a lack of money in the treasury shocked his committee. His announcement was _______. The ________ committee wondered how to improve the condition. It was a __________ announcement. The committee was _______.

  4. (to annoy) Some nursery school children annoyed parents and teachers attending the parent-teacher meeting. The children were ________. They created an ________ disturbance. The ________ parents and teachers tried to quiet them. The parents and teachers were ________.

  5. (to thrill) One of the piano students thrilled everyone who attended the graduation performance. His performance was _________. He played to a ________ audience. It was a ________ performance, Everyone was ________.

  6. (to excite) Last week's hockey game excited the spectators thoroughly. The game was ________. The team played to thoroughly ________ spectators. It was an ________ game. The spectators were thoroughly ________.

  7. (to appall) News of an approaching hurricane appalled all seashore residents in the vicinity yesterday. The news was _________. The ________ residents did not know whether to leave or to stay. It was ________ news. The residents were ________.

  1. (to please) A plan to clean up litter has pleased our whole neighborhood. Many ________ neighbors have offered their cooperation. The plan is __________. It is a very _________ plan. The whole neighborhood is _______.

  2. (to please) Publicity about his heroism in saving a friend from drowning has not pleased Paul. The publicity has not been ________ to Paul. Paul's __________ parents, however, have bought copies of every newspaper that reported the incident. He has not found the publicity _________. He has not been _______.

  3. (to interest) The news on television today has not interested us very much. The news has not been ________. The news has not found us an ________ audience. It has not been very ________ news. We have not been ________ by the news.

  4. (to bore) The grown-up conversation at the children's party yesterday bored the children. The conversation was ________. It was a __________ conversation. The ________ children became noisy. The children were ________.

  5. (to tire) Exercise tires some people. Some people find exercise ________. Some _______ people have lain down on the grass to rest. If exercise is too _______, it is not beneficial, I am sure. Are you ________ from today's exercise?

  6. (to fascinate) Ellen's work fascinates her. She finds her work __________. Her________ friends like to hear about her work. It is _________work. Ellen's friends are also ________.

  7. (to enchant) Your new house enchants everyone in the neighborhood. Your house is __________. I have been told so by your _____________ neighbors. It is an _______ house. The neighbors are all ________ by it.

  8. (to exhaust) Hot weather exhausts some people. They find hot weather _________.They become ________ by hot weather. This _________ weather is fortunately made more bearable by air conditioning. These _______ people stay indoors as much as possible during hot weather.


TASK 32. Below is a composition written by a married American woman. Fill in each blank with the correct participle or gerund of the verb in brackets to complete the story.

My children are _________ (to grow) and _________(to marry). When my youngest child got married, I was all alone at home for the first time, and I felt _________ (to bore). I wasn't _________ (to accustom) to _________ (to have) no one to take care of. Then I decided to find some _________(to interest) activities to keep me busy. I enrolled in an adult education class. I'm taking a home repair class. I used to think that only men could fix things. But these are ________ (to change) times. My husband is ________ (to amaze) at how well I can repair things around the house. I'm thinking about _________(to take) more classes next semester. I'm even thinking about _________(to start) a career. An _________(to educate) woman has many opportunities today. After so many years of _________(to be) a housewife, I might like to be a _________ (to work) woman. I would like to find a _________ (to reward) career. My husband is a little _________ (to surprise), but he's very _________(to understand).


PARTICIPIAL CONSTRUCTIONS

Both Participle I and Participle II can be used in participial constructions. These constructions may be of two kinds:



  1. The Nominative Absolute Participial Construction, e.g.

  • The novel having been read, Jane put it down. = Когда роман был прочитан, Джейн отложила его в сторону. / Коли роман був прочитаний, Джейн відклала його убік.

  • Joe having left the room to ring for a taxi as arranged, Mary sat down again to wait for him. = Когда Джо вышел из комнаты, чтобы вызвать такси, как и было договорено, Мэри снова села, чтобы подождать его. / Коли Джо вийшов з кімнати, щоб викликати таксі, як і було домовлено, Мэри знову сіла, щоб почекати його.

  • The lamp having been lit, the mother started to read her son’s letter. = Когда лампа была включена, мать начала читать письмо от сына. / Коли лампа була включена, матір почала читати лист від сина.

  • The door and the window of the vacant room being open, we looked in. = Поскольку (Так как) дверь и окно пустой комнаты были открыты, мы заглянули в нее. / Оскільки (Тому що) двері й вікно порожньої кімнати були відкриті, ми заглянули в неї.

  • Andrew was sitting in one of the armchairs, his eyes closed. = Эндрю сидел в одном из кресел c закрытыми глазами. / Ендрю сидів в одному із крісел c закритими очами.




  • We began to talk, but my attention distracted by my surroundings, I took small notice of him. = Мы начали разговаривать, но поскольку мое внимание было отвлечено тем, что меня окружало, я не придал ему большого значения. / Ми почали розмовляти, але оскільки моя увага була відвернена тим, що мене оточувало, я не додав йому великого значення.




  1. The Prepositional Absolute Participial Construction

This construction is always introduced by the preposition ‘with’, e.g.

  • Andrew went into the house with his heart beating fast. = Эндрю вошел в дом; его сердце учащенно билось. / Ендрю ввійшов у дім; його серце прискорено билося.

  • I won’t speak with him staring at me like that. = Я не буду говорить с ним, когда он так смотрит на меня. / Я не буду говорити з ним, коли він так дивиться на мене.

  • It is unhealthy to sleep with all the windows shut. = Спать с закрытыми окнами – плохо для здоровья. / Спати із закритими вікнами - погано для здоров'я.

  • Bella was speaking to me with her eyes fixed on the door, waiting for someone to come. = Белла разговаривала со мной, но ее глаза были прикованы к двери; она ожидала, что кто-то войдет. / Белла розмовляла із мною, але її очі були прикуті до дверей; вона очікувала, що хтось увійде.


TASK 33. Translate the sentences below into Russian/ Ukrainian, paying special attention to participial constructions.

  1. The work being finished, the two girls brushed their dresses and went out of the shop.

  2. Ice having thus been broken, the two former rivals grew still more affectionate.

  3. The preparations completed, we started off.

  4. Jim was sitting on the sofa, his legs crossed.

  5. She was smoking now, her eyes narrowed thoughtfully.

  6. The officer sat with his long fine hands lying on the table perfectly still.

  7. Sheila went on reading, with her eyes fixed on the pages of the book.

  8. It being pretty late we took the candles and went upstairs.

  9. Weather permitting we shall start tomorrow.

  10. Breakfast finished, Hugh went back to his butterflies and bugs.

  11. Mathew went home alone, his heart full of strange emotions.

  12. The hunter stood up and went towards the forest, all his dogs following him.

  13. He was a gentleman, but he was passionate, the cup once sipped, would he be consent to put it down?

  14. The next day I observed you – myself unseen – for half an hour.

  15. The kitchen being clean and tidy, Mrs. Fowls heavily sat on the chair and wiped her swollen hands.


TASK 34. Paraphrase the sentences given below so that to use either of the participial structures. Follow the example.

Example. The necessary sum of money was saved up; now they could buy the cottage they wanted. = The necessary sum of money having been saved up, now they could buy the cottage they wanted

The girl sat still; her eyes were fixed on the fire. = The girl sat still with her eyes fixed on the fire.



  1. The sun had set; we could not continue our way.

  2. The room was dark, we couldn't see anything.

  3. There was nobody at home; I had dinner alone.

  4. The room at the hotel had been booked beforehand; we had no reason to worry.

  5. The secretary had fallen ill; I couldn't get my paper typed in time.

  6. It was late and the children were sent to bed.

  7. The telephone was out of order, I had to go out.

  8. The TV set was repaired; the old man could watch TV programmes all day long.

  9. Her daughter sat motionless by the fire; her hands were crossed on her knees.

  10. He could sit so for hours; his book was closed and lying beside him.

  11. They went down the stairs; Alice was lingering behind a little.

  12. The boy stood silent; his head was bent.

  13. He was running along the street; his raincoat was thrown over his left arm.

  14. David began to answer his lesson; Miss Murdstone was watching him closely.

  15. The child lay on the bed; his eyes were shut and his face was flushed and sweating.


MISRELATED PARTICIPLES

    1. A participle (or participial construction) is considered to belong to the noun or pronoun that immediately precedes or follows it, and which usually, but not necessarily, is the subject of the sentence.

e.g. Tom, horrified at what he had done, could at first say nothing.

Romeo, believing that Julia was dead, decided to kill himself.

A man, carrying a large parcel, came out of the bus.

The boy, climbing the tree to get birds’ eggs, had a bad fall.



Climbing the tree to get birds’ eggs, the boy had a bad fall.


    1. Note that the participle may be separated from the noun or pronoun it belongs to by a predicate (a predicate group),

e.g. Jones and Smith came in, followed by their wives.

My wife had a long walk with Sally, explaining why she didn’t want the children to play together.


    1. Sometimes this principle is disregarded and confusion results when a participle is linked to the wrong noun or pronoun, e.g.

      • Climbing down the tree, one of the eggs broke. (The impression is that ‘one of the eggs’ was ‘climbing down the tree’.)

The right sentence: When he was climbing down the tree, one of the eggs broke.

      • Looking out of the window of our hotel room, there were lots of mountains. (It sounds like the mountains were looking out of the window.)

The right sentence: When we looked out of the window of our hotel room, we saw that there were lots of mountains.

  • Waiting for a bus a brick fell on my head (The impression is that ‘the brick was waiting for the bus’.)

The right sentence: As I was waiting for the bus, a brick fell on my head.

Compare with Russian, e.g.

Лежа в канаве, у него слетела шляпа. / Лежачи в канаві, у нього злетів капелюх.

Подъезжая к станции, на платформе стояло много людей. / Під'їжджаючи до станції, на платформі стояло багато людей.




    1. In complex sentences a participial clause can have its own subject, e.g.

Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed.

All the money having been spent, Paul started looking for work.

A little girl walked past, her doll dragging behind her on the pavement.


TASK 35. Correct the sentences given below.

  1. Walking in the fields, a snake bit the girl in the heel.

  2. Running into the room, the rug caught her foot and she fell down.

  3. Reading the letter a second time, the meaning became clearer.

  4. When carrying a gun, it should never be pointed at anyone.

  5. When planting these flowers, care must be taken not to damage the roots.

  6. Riding in his first race, his horse fell at the last jump.

  7. Knowing me to be the fool of the family, the news that I had won a scholarship astonished him.

  8. Believing that his last hour had come, his hands began to tremble.

  9. Passing under a ladder, a pot of paint fell on my head.

  10. Reading in bed, my hands often get very cold.

  11. Leaving the cinema, it seemed to him that the film had been exceptionally bad.

  12. Barking furiously, I led the dog out of the room.

  13. Writing my name in the hotel register, a familiar voice attracted my attention.

  14. Shining in the sky, we saw the first star.

  15. Pinned to the door by a knife, the man saw a notice.

  16. Wondering where to go, an advertisement caught her eye.

  17. Sitting by the fire, it all came back to me.

  18. Falling from such a height, we thought he would never survive.

  19. While sitting at the foot of a hill, a stone fell on him.

  20. Sitting in the dentist’s chair, an idea suddenly occurred to me.

  21. Getting out of bed, a scorpion suddenly bit me.

  22. Saying that her face became red.

  23. While cleaning the room, my uncle’s last book fell down and the will fell out of it.

  24. Being on the way, the weather cancelled our trip.


GENERAL REVISION OF VERBALS

TASK 36. Fill in the gaps with the necessary form of the verb from the brackets. Add prepositions if necessary.

  1. Sheila is very good ____________ (to listen) to the children’s problems.

  2. Students sometimes expect their teachers ___________ (to do) all their work for them!

  3. Stella got stuck in a traffic jam on the way to the dentist’s and I’m afraid she kept him _________ (to wait) for half an hour.

  4. When I was having dinner I watched our cat __________ (to play) with her kittens.

  5. After a long time James persuaded his brother ___________ (to take) him for a meal at a local restaurant.

  6. I heard David __________ (to sing) in the bath – it did sound funny!

  7. Their parents encourage them ___________ (to develop) their talents in music and art.

  8. The sergeant expected the soldiers __________ (to obey) every command.

  9. Unfortunately nowadays people are getting used to ___________ (to watch) violent films on TV.

  10. Margaret’s employer always avoids __________ (to make) unpleasant decisions.

  11. The children in the Kernel family are used to ___________ (to get) and not to ___________(to give).

  12. Dentists recommend ____________ (to brush) our teeth after each meal.

  13. In my youth I used to __________ (to eat) anything I wanted but now I have __________ (to be) careful.

  14. I had my tailor ___________ (to shorten) the sleeves of my new jacket.

  15. Many people enjoy ___________ (to watch) television instead of ____________ (to discover) the world of their own.

  16. Do you think people ___________(to commit) terrible crimes such as murder should be legally executed?

  17. The thief crept into the house without ___________ (to be seen) by anyone.

  18. The bad weather prevented them from ___________ (to continue) with the construction of the dam.

  19. Their mother never makes them ___________ (to do) anything they don’t want to.

  20. This method hasn’t worked. I suggest you ___________ (to try) another method.

  21. Let the cake ___________ (to cool) before ___________ (to put) on the icing.

  22. The speaker kept on ___________(to talk) even after most of the audience had left the hall.

  23. Many people have objected to ___________ (to pay) the increased taxes on their homes.

  24. He would rather _____________ (to work) on a farm than in the office.

  25. It’s very cold in here. Would you mind ___________ (to close) the window?

  26. I’d better not ____________ (to go) to the movies. I have too much homework __________ (to do).

  27. There is a statistical study ____________ (to indicate) that the number of crimes has increased.

  28. Many people ____________ (to have) different views ask why capital punishment should be abolished.

  29. He doesn’t even bother ___________(to read) letters, let alone ___________ (to answer) them.


TASK 37. Rewrite the sentences using the correct form of participles or gerund. Follow the example.

Example. Because she was tired, Katie went to bed. = Feeling tired, Katie went to bed.

  1. He was sitting in the garden and he was drinking his tea.

  2. After Janet had made dinner, she called the children.

  3. The boy who is standing by the door is my brother.

  4. Simon cut his hand while he was chopping some wood.

  5. Donna had a shower before she went to bed.

  6. Because we were late, we took a taxi.

  7. Gary opened the window and breathed the fresh air.

  8. She was lying on her bed and she was reading a book.

  9. The jewels which were taken by the thieves were very valuable.

  10. Amy picked up her pen and started to write the letter.

  11. The man who is walking towards us is a relative of mine.

  12. After the teacher had explained the exercise, he asked the students to do it.

  13. Because she had forgotten to take her purse, she had to borrow some money from a colleague.

  14. Since I had no reply to my letter I sent John a telegram.

  15. As he had lived in France for 5 years, George knew French quite well.

  16. As Patrick did not know about the danger lying ahead, he was perfectly calm.

  17. After some people showed us the way to the cottage, we found it very soon.

  18. Because the book was written by a popular writer it was a great success.

  19. As Simon forgot to wind the alarm clock he overslept.

  20. As Derek was pressed for time he did not have breakfast.

  21. Because Teresa left her credit cards at home she was not able to pay in the supermarket.

  22. As Lily did not find the time of the departure she missed her train to Glasgow.

  23. As the puppy was brought by the youngest and most favourite son of the head of the family, he was allowed to live in the house.


TASK 38. Fill in the necessary form of the verbal.

    1. Many people endeavor _________ (to learn) another language.

    2. Our instructor avoided _________ (to say) yes or no to our questions about the quiz.

    3. I hope that you do not resent my _________ (to telephone) at this early hour.

    4. Would you care _________(to come) shopping with us?

    5. George is considering _________ (to buy) a house.

    6. The man who changed my flat tire refused _________ (to accept) any payment for doing so.

    7. I keep on _________ (to think) about your idea for a book.

    8. Everyone at the party seemed _________ (to enjoy) themselves.

    9. Ellen suggested our not _________(to go) out this evening.

    10. Most of my friends have quitted _________ (to smoke).

    11. We have missed _________ (to see) you lately.

    12. Will you promise not _________(to tell) my news until tomorrow?

    13. Do you often practice _________ (to speak) Italian?

    14. Mr. Keith denied _________ (to be) the anonymous donor of a large gift of money to the library.

    15. The manufacturer of this cassette guarantees _________ (to give) your money back if you are not satisfied.

    16. Patricia barely escaped _________ (to fall) over a cliff on a hike last week.

    17. I happened _________ (to run across) an old friend yesterday.

    18. We have chosen not _________(to take) a trip next summer.

    19. Philip always postpones _________ (to make) decisions.

    20. A student demanded _________ (to speak) to the head librarian about an overdue book fine.

    21. Have you finished _________ (to study) for the test tomorrow?

    22. Please do not hesitate __________ (to ask) for anything you need.

    23. John resisted _________ (to go) out for a walk until he finished his studying.

    24. I am sorry that I failed _________ (to answer) your letter promptly.

    25. Wayne enjoys ___________ (to invite) to parties by his friends.


TASK 39. Paraphrase the sentences given below so that to use any form of verbal. Follow the example.

Example. We are sorry we are so late. = We are sorry to be so late.

  1. I am afraid I might have an accident if I go to the mountains with you.

  2. Please tell us whether we should wait for you or not.

  3. Be careful, you are going to drop that bottle.

  4. The accused insist that they are innocent.

  5. I cannot understand why you behaved so foolishly yesterday.

  6. Henry promised he would buy me a bunch of roses.

  7. Anyone who wishes to take a photograph of the view may do so when we come to the next stop.

  8. Goods that have been in any way damaged in transit must be returned to the factory at once.

  9. It seems to me you have changed your mind about Joe since you met his mother-in-law.

  10. When I receive your application I will deal with your case at once.

  11. There will be time to discuss that after you have been elected.

  12. Smith was a lawyer by training, but when he was forced to be a soldier, he was a very good soldier.

  13. Jackson was asked if he could explain why he was absent on Monday, but he could give no answer that was satisfactory.

  14. Do not forget you must deposit your key at the reception desk when you leave the hotel.

  15. If you work through this book systematically, you can learn how you can use the English verb more efficiently.


TASK 40. Translate into English using the right verbal or verbal construction.



Russian

Ukrainian

1

Дэвид заметил, как Глория побледнела. ‘Кажется, она знает больше, чем говорит.’ подумал он.

Дэвид помітив, як Глорія сполотніла. ‘Здається, вона знає більше, ніж каже,’ подумав він.

2

Вы слышали, как Президент выступал вчера по телевидению? Кажется, правительством были приняты очень важные решения.

Ви чули, як Президент виступав учора по телебаченню? Здається, урядом були прийняті дуже важливі рішення.

3

Старая миссис Дрейк видела, как какой-то незнакомец предложил девушке подвезти ее на станцию.

Стара миссис Дрейк бачила, як якийсь незнайомець запропонував дівчині підвезти її на станцію.

4

Все слышали, как вы обещали бросить курить. Кажется, вы не в состоянии сдержать свое обещание.

Усі чули, як ви обіцяли кинути курити. Здається, ви не в змозі стримати свою обіцянку.

5

Мария заметила, как Стивен искал что-то в портфеле, и подумала, что он, возможно, забыл дома какие-то важные бумаги.

Марія помітила, як Стивен шукав щось у портфелі, і подумала, що він, мабуть, забув вдома якісь важливі папери.

6

Я никогда не слышала, чтобы он лгал. Я вижу , что он и сейчас говорит правду.

Я ніколи не чула, щоб він брехав. Я бачу, що він і зараз говорить правду.

7

Мы слышали, что профессор болен уже две недели. Вы случайно не знаете, будут ли у нас его лекции завтра?

Ми чули, що професор хворий уже два тижні. Ви випадково не знаєте, чи будуть у нас його лекції завтра?

8

Миссис Филипс увидела, что у ее дома собралась большая толпа. Она сразу же почувствовала, что случилось что-то ужасное.

Миссис Филипс побачила, що біля її будинку зібралася більша юрба. Вона відразу ж відчула, що трапилося щось жахливе.

9

Как только мы увидели, что солнце скрылось за горизонтом, мы почувствовали, что температура воздуха резко упала.

Як тільки ми побачили, що сонце зникло за обрієм, ми відчули, що температура повітря різко впала.

10

Дина видела, что Фрэнку не хочется говорить о пропавших документах, и тут же перевела разговор на другую тему. Она услышала, как Фрэнк вздохнул с облегчением.

Дина бачила, що Фрэнку не хочеться говорити про зниклі документи, і відразу перевела розмову на іншу тему. Вона почула, як Фрэнк зітхнув з полегшенням.

11

Мистер Паулз увидел, как какой-то человек перелазил через забор его сада. Мистер Паулз окликнул его и попросил объяснить, что тот делал в его саду. Но услышав голос хозяина дома, незнакомец быстро убежал.

Містер Паулз побачив, як якась людина перелазила через паркан його саду. Містер Паулз окликнув його й попросив пояснити, що той робив у його саду. Але почувши голос хазяїна будинку, незнайомець швидко втік.

12

Я не привык вести машину по левой стороне. – Не волнуйтесь. Вам будет трудно только первую неделю, потом вы привыкните смотреть сначала налево, а потом направо.

Я не звик вести машину по лівій стороні. – Не хвилюйтеся. Вам буде важко тільки перший тиждень, потім ви звикніте дивитися спочатку ліворуч, а потім праворуч.

13

Бесполезно писать ему. Ничего не заставит его ответить на ваше письмо. Единственное, что вы можете сделать – это поехать к нему и заставить его вас выслушать.

Даремно писати йому. Нічого не змусить його відповісти на ваш лист. Єдине, що ви можете зробити – це поїхати до нього й змусити його вас вислухати.

14

Соседские мальчики бывало кричали и дрались во дворе, но сейчас они, кажется, стали более серьезными и перестали это делать.

Сусідські хлопчики бувало кричали й билися у дворі, але зараз вони, здається, стали більш серйозними й перестали це робити.

15

Если вы хотите, чтобы вас действительно хорошо постригли, пойдите в парикмахерскую на Оксфорд Стрит.

Якщо ви хочете, щоб вас дійсно добре постригли, підіть у перукарню на Оксфорд Стрит.

16

Поначалу я чувствовал себя одиноким, но спустя два месяца я привык жить один, и мне это даже понравилось.

Спочатку я почував себе самотнім, але через два місяці я звик жити один, і мені це навіть сподобалося.

17

Старая миссис Трент довольно ясно помнила некоторые эпизоды из своего детства. Например, она помнила, как первый раз пошла в школу. Она помнила, как заплакала, испугавшись строгую учительницу. Но ей было гораздо труднее вспомнить, что произошло с ней два дня назад.

Стара миссис Трент досить ясно пам'ятала деякі епізоди зі свого дитинства. Наприклад, вона пам'ятала, як перший раз пішла в школу. Вона пам'ятала, як заплакала, злякавшись строгу вчительку. Але їй було набагато сутужніше згадати, що відбулося з нею два дні тому.

18

Вам следовало бы поблагодарить ее, перед тем, как вы ушли. – Вы правы, я намеревался это сделать, и даже искал ее, но нигде не мог найти. Я спрашивал всех, но никто не видел, как она уходила.

Вам варто було б подякувати їй, перед тим, як ви пішли. – Ви праві, я мав намір це зробити, і навіть шукав її, але ніде не міг знайти. Я запитував всіх, але ніхто не бачив, як вона йшла.

19

Мелодия, которую играет сейчас оркестр, напомнила мне счастливые дни моей молодости.

Мелодія, що грає зараз оркестр, нагадала мені щасливі дні моєї молодості.

20

Поставленный в известность о том, что Томасу грозит опасность быть обвиненным в этом ужасном убийстве, я настаивал, чтобы мои показания выслушали немедленно.

Поставлений у _______ про те, що Томасу загрожує небезпека бути обвинуваченим у цьому жахливому вбивстві, я наполягав, щоб мої показання вислухали негайно.

21

Мистер Хэролд отрицает, что ему сказали об этом, хотя я точно помню, что я упомянул этот инцидент в его присутствии.

Містер Хэролд заперечує, що йому сказали про це, хоча я точно пам'ятаю, що я згадав цей інцидент у його присутності.


TASK 41. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the infinitive, participle or gerund. Give two variants whenever possible.

  1. Have you begun __________ your vacation? (to plan)

  2. We had better start __________ready to go to the airport. (to get)

  3. What time do you prefer __________ dinner today? (to eat)

  4. Peter continued ________ long after his friends had gone to bed. (to read)

  5. Do you plan _________ away this summer? (to go)

  6. Do you like _________ letters? (to write) No I don’t but I dislike _______. (to type)

  7. Our team deserved __________the game. (to win)

  8. Some people dread __________ letters. (to write)

  9. Many people in America neglect __________ their cars when they park. (to lock)

  10. What do you intend __________ this evening? (to do)

  11. Sarah cannot bear ________ mystery stories. (to read)

  12. Do you think that you can stand ________ the children practice their songs this afternoon? (to hear)

  13. Do the regulations allow _________ on this lake? (to boat) Do the regulations allow our _________on this lake? (to boat) Do the regulations allow visitors ________ on this lake? (to boat)

  14. Mr. Pearson may have forgotten ________ his water bill. (to pay). (Meaning: He did not pay it.)

  15. Mr. Pearson may have forgotten ________ his telephone bill. (to pay) (Meaning: He paid his telephone bill but has forgotten that he did it)

  16. Anne remembered _______ postage stamps. (to buy) (Meaning: She thought to buy postage stamps and did so.)

  17. Anne remembered _______ postage stamps, but she could not find them in her desk. (to buy) (Meaning: She remembered that she had bought postage stamps.)

  18. I regret ______ you that we are out of the item that you ordered. (to inform) (Meaning: I am sorry that I must give you this disappointing information.

  19. I regret _______ you that we are out of the item that you ordered because I was mistaken. (inform) (Meaning: I regret that I gave you this information because I was mistaken.)

  20. Try _______ more economical. (to be) (Meaning: Do your best to be.)

  21. Try _______ more economical. You will be better off. (to be) (Meaning: Experiment with being more economical.)


TASK 42. Translate into English. Underline all the verbals that you have used.



Russian

Ukrainian

1

Джилиан Форбс только 17 лет, но она уже получила лицензию пилота.

Джилиан Форбс тільки 17 років, але вона вже одержала ліцензію пілота.

2

Она самая молодая девушка-летчица в стране.

Вона наймолодша дівчина-льотчиця в країні.

3

Джилиан говорит, что она получает удовольствие от полетов больше, чем от чего бы то ни было.

Джилиан говорить, що вона одержує задоволення від польотів більше, ніж від чого б те не було.

4

Она не может представить себе ни одного дня без того, чтобы не провести в небе хотя бы один час.

Вона не може уявити собі жодного дня без того, щоб не провести в небі хоча б одну година.

5

«Как ты начала летать?» спросил я ее.

«Як ти почала літати?» запитав я в неї.

6

«Все началось с того, что когда мне было 5 лет, я полетела с родителями в Вашингтон.

«Усе почалося з того, що коли мені було 5 років, я полетіла з батьками до Вашингтону.

7

Это был довольно долгий полет и мне скучно.

Це був досить довгий політ і мені було нудно.

8

Поэтому папа попросил разрешения показать мне кабину пилотов, чтобы как-нибудь меня развлечь.

Тому тато попросив дозволи показати мені кабіну пілотів, щоб як-небудь мене розважити.

9

Тот момент, когда я вошла в кабину, кажется, решил всю мою дальнейшую судьбу.

Той момент, коли я ввійшла в кабіну, здається, вирішив всю мою подальшу долю.

10

Я влюбилась в авиацию, и знаю, что буду летать всю жизнь.

Я закохалася в авіацію, і знаю, що буду літати все життя.

11

«Ты думаешь выбрать карьеру гражданского или военного пилота?»

«Ти думаєш вибрати кар'єру цивільного або військового пілота?»

12

«Еще не решила. Надо сначала сдать выпускные экзамены в школе.

«Ще не вирішила. Треба спочатку здати випускні іспити в школі.

13

Как бы хорошо я не летала, я не могу избежать сдачи этих глупых экзаменов!»

Як би добре я не літала, я не можу уникнути здачі цих дурних іспитів!»

14

«Твои родители одобряют твое увлечение полетами?»

«Твої батьки схвалюють твоє захоплення польотами?»

15

«Мой папа более прогрессивно мыслящий человек, чем мама, но я думаю, она тоже скоро привыкнет к мысли, что ее дочь будет проводить больше времени в воздухе, чем на земле».

«Мій тато більш прогресивно мисляча людина, чим мама, але я думаю, вона теж незабаром звикне до думки, що її дочка буде проводити більше часу в повітрі, чим на землі».

16

«Что еще ты хочешь научиться делать?»

«Що ще ти хочеш навчитися робити?»

17

«Водить машину. Мне кажется, это гораздо труднее, чем пилотировать самолет».

«Водити машину. Мені здається, це набагато трудніше, ніж пілотувати літак».


TASK 43. Fill in each blank with the correct form of Participle I or II, gerund or infinitive. Add prepositions wherever necessary.

1. _________ (to hike) up the mountain, we became hungry. ________ (to reach) the top of the mountain, we had lunch.



  1. _________ (to thank) the hostess cheerfully, Al left the party.

  2. Al didn’t want anyone _________ (to notice) him ________ (to leave). So he left the party without _________ (to thank) the hostess.

  3. Most of the voters consider ________ (to elect) Edwin Johnson _________ (to be) our next mayor. They consider him ________ (to be) the best qualified candidate for mayor in many years.

  4. Susan doesn’t enjoy _________ (meet) new people. She even tries _________ (to avoid) ________ (to invite) to her friends’ parties.

  5. Elaine Harrison claims ________ (to meet) a lot of interesting people during her last stay in Washington. She is never tired _________ (to boast) that she even met the President.

  6. Your ________ (to answer) letters so promptly is always appreciated by your friends. I appreciate my last letter ________ (to answer) so promptly. I appreciate your _________ (to answer) my last letter so promptly.

  7. _________ (to attend) a concert by every famous pianist in the world is Teresa's only ambition. ________ (to hear) Vladimir Horowitz ________ (to play) is one of Teresa's happiest childhood memories.

  8. Wayne likes _________(to invite) to parties by his friends. He also enjoys ________ (to invite) his friends to his place.

  9. _________ (to telephone) friends is one of Anne's favorite pastimes. _________ (to telephone) by her friends is one of the things she enjoys most.

  10. Andrew happened to _________ (to see) some friends at the game yesterday. Andrew also happened to _________ (to see) by some friends at the game yesterday.

  11. _________ (to read) rapidly, George hoped to finish going through the newspaper before dinner._________ (to interrupt) by a telephone call, George reluctantly put down his newspaper.

  12. _________ (to finish) her work, Emily decided to go for a walk. _________ (to awaken) early by a barking dog, Emily had already finished her work by noon.

  13. _________ (to invite) as a main speaker at a conference has been Dr. Knight's ambition for years. _________ (to invite) as a main speaker at this year conference is, in Dr. Knight's opinion, a great honor.


TASK 44. Fill in the gap with the verb in brackets in the form of the gerund, the infinitive or the participle. Write an end to this story in about 5 sentences using as many verbals as you can.

I don’t really enjoy _________ (to travel) by plane. On a plane last week, I noticed two men in front of me _________ (to smoke), although there were signs _________ (to tell) the passengers not ________ (to smoke). I don’t like people _________ (to smoke) near me, so I went over to them _________ (to remind) them that _________(to smoke) was not allowed. I asked if they would mind _________ (to put) out their cigarettes. When they saw me they both stopped _________ (to talk) and turned round ________ (to look) at me. When I asked again, they refused. Instead of __________ (to apologize) they kept on ________ (to smoke) and started _________ (to argue) with me. The other passengers started _________ (to look) at us and I felt very embarrassed. Only one of them did all the _________ (to talk). I remember the other one just __________ (to sit) there and _________ (to blow) smoke in my face. I’m not used to _________ (to be) insulted and I felt like ________ (to punch) him on the nose. Fortunately, I managed _________ (to stop) myself from __________ (to do) this.


TASK 45. Fill in each blank with the correct form of
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