Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks led through Ukraine. It was a famous trading path. Along the Dnieper, the route crossed several major rapids and passed through Kiev, and after entering the Black Sea followed its west coast to Constantinople.The route allowed traders along the route to establish a direct prosperous trade with Byzantium.
Five Ukrainian objects are protected by UNESCO, they are included in the World Heritage Site as a cultural and natural values and heritage of all mankind.
1.St. Sofia Cathedral is the world famous historical and architectural monument of the first half of the 11th century. The name of the cathedral comes from Greek word "sofia", which means "wisdom". Built in the times of Yaroslav Mudry, the cathedral served as a social, political and cultural center of Kievan Rus, where foreign ambassadors were received, chronicles were recorded and the first Russian library, founded by Yaroslav Mudry himself, functioned. For many years St. Sofia Cathedral served as a burial place of Kiev princes. In the cathedral remains of Yaroslav Mudry, his son Vsevolod, and Vladimir Monomakh are buried.The cathedral is famous for its mosaics and frescos by Byzantine masters that date back to the 11th century.
2. Kiev-Pechersk Lavra is a unique monastery complex, which was visited by more than 43 millions of tourists from all over the world. The name of the monastery comes exactly from the caves (the word «pechera» in Ukrainian means a «cave»), the word «lavra» means status, it received large and influential monasteries, which size was like small towns with streets (lavra means «street» in Greek). Lavra caves is the system of underground passages, divided into two parts — Far and Near Caves. At first caves were occupied by the monks who lived there, later in caves started to bury dead settlers of the monastery. There are legends about the extent of Lavra caves, — it’s said that underground passages stretches under the Dnieper and also connects Lavra with other monastery caves of Kiev and Chernigov.
3. L’viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre represents a crossing point of cultures and architectural traditions. The trade routes in the Middle Ages attracted a number of ethnic groups with different traditions: Ukrainian, Armenian, German, Jewish, Polish, Italian and Austrian.
These groups lived in separate communities, and left their own religious and artistic marks on the city.
4. Struve Geodetic Arc-is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Norway to the Black Sea, through ten countries
5. Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians are the largest remaining 'virgin' forests of the European beech. Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians cover areas of Zakarpattia and Prešov Regions. Over 70% of the site is located in Ukraine. They also hold the largest and tallest beech specimens in the world.