One of the most famous Christmas songs “Schedryk” (a folk song written by a Ukrainian composer, Mykola Leontovich) is known to the rest of the world as “Carol of the Bells” or “Ring Christmas Bells”. Based on an old Ukrainian folk song, the original lyrics describe a swallow flying into a household to proclaim the plentiful year that the family will have. The folk melody was sung in many Ukrainian villages. The song has been used many times in the soundtracks for films and television.
Ukraine is one of the largest grain exporters in the world As of 2011 Ukraine was the worlds 3rd largest grain exporter.
Ukraine – a major producer of grain. If Ukraine’s grain harvest of 2013 were loaded in railway cars, the length of the train would be equal to the distance between Kyiv and Rio de Janeiro.Ukraine is in the world’s seven largest producers of sugar, vegetable oil, pork and potatoes. Among the top five global producers of honey.
The first frame hive was invented in Ukraine in 1814 by Petro Prokopovych. During last years Ukraine surely takes a place in the three worlds leaders in honey producing. Ukraine leaves behind European countries in honey producing and, at the same time, is the first in the world in honey producing per a head (1,5 kg).
When Ukraine got independence, it was populated by 19.4 million pigs. Today there are two times less. And although one of the Ukrainian authentic dishes is salo, the pig fat, and the nation has a reputation of pork eaters, an average Ukrainian consumes only 18 kilos of it per year. That is three times less than an average German.
Every country has its own national dish. In Ukraine we have too some national dishes. One of the dishes known all over the world is varenyky. They are very tasty with sour scream. Everybody who tastes it says it`s really delicious. Another dish that cannot be compared to is Ukrainian borshch. I don`t think that someone can cook it better than our Ukrainian women.
The world’s heaviest aircraft is An-225 Mriya is created by the Kyiv-based Antonov design bureau. The plane was designed to airlift space shuttles and rocket boosters, however is now carrying oversized payloads.
Ukraine owns the biggest manganese ore in the world – 11 per cent of the planet’s deposits. The country also has plenty of iron ore, counting for 7 percent of the world’s deposits.
Ukraine owns a quarter of fertile black soil of the world. Black soil – the most fertile soil of our planet. During the Second World War, the Germans took out Ukrainian soil in Germany by trains.
Вчитель: А зараз ми проведемо конкурс «Чи знаєте ви?»
Вчитель читає запитання, а учні говорять відповіді.
Що означає слово «козак»? (Вершник, вільна людина.)
Козацький човен. (Чайка)
Герб України (Тризуб)
Найвідоміша козацька страва. (Куліш.)
Дерево, з якого добувають дьоготь. (Береза)
Кому не дозволялося заходити на територію Запорозької Січі? (Жінкам.)
Обрядовий хліб, який печуть на Великдень. (Пасха)
Свято дівочої долі. (Катерини)
Найвища гора України. (Говерла)
Найвідоміший футболіст України сучасності. (Андрій Шевченко)
Грошова одиниця України. (Гривня)
Приміщення, в якому жили козаки. (Курінь)
Колір прапора України. (Блакитно – жовтий)
Розписані великодні яйця. (Писанки)
Найбільше озеро України. (Синевир)
Головна обрядова дія Андріївських вечорниць. (Гадання, Кусання калити)
Зібрані цього дня лікарські трави вважаються найцілющими. (Свято Івана Купала)
Скільки страв повинно бути на столі у Святий вечір? (Дванадцять)
Народна назва одного з найголовніших літніх свят, до якого православна церква приурочила свято Трійці. (Зелена, Клечальна неділя – «Зелені свята»)
Швидкий український танок. (Гопак)
Хто з українських письменників узяв собі псевдонім – назву своєї національності. (Леся Українка)
Tunnel of Love is a beautiful spot in Klevan, Ukraine. A three kilometer railway section leads to the factory. The train goes three times a day and delivers wood to the factory. However, the trees make a green corridor, which attracts many couples, as well as photographers for its eye catching avenue.
It is said that if you and your beloved come to the Tunnel of Love and sincerely make a wish, it will come true. This might be a new romantic place to discover.
The longest cave in Ukraine is called “Optymistic” and it is situated in Podillya. It is a gypsum cave in the deep 20 meters with an extension 216 km. The longest cave in the word and second in general for extension, it gives up only before Mammoth cave in USA. The caves are called the eighth wonder of the world, the kingdom of eternal darkness. Possession of the mysterious and unknown is open to those who dare to take a journey to the underground labyrinths created by nature. The beauty of the caves is impossible to describe or convey through photography or film. This should be seen!
Few people know that Ukraine has the largest desert in Europe within its territory. It is called the Oleshky Sands and located in Kherson Region, in 30 km near Kherson city. This so called “desert”, consisting of sand dunes is 15 km wide and even has it’s own oasis. It’s hard to believe, but there is no such wide open space covered with sand in Europe. Sometimes you can see small “tornados” there.In the summer the desert sand gets hot up to 75 degrees Celsius.
The British scientists from the University of Leeds discovered a unique underwater river at the bottom of the Black Sea. Researchers working in the Black Sea have found currents of water 350 times greater than the River Thames flowing along the sea bed.
The undersea river even has rapids and waterfalls.
Khreshchatyk Street in Kiev is the shortest yet widest main city street in the world. Its length is 1.2 km.
Arsenalnaya Metro Station located in Kiev is the deepest in the world (105 meters). The station was built in 1960. According to some reports, the tunnels near Arsenalnaya house secret shelters built specially for the political elite. It was made that deep for military purposes with secret huge bunker hidden between Arsenalna and Khreshatic stations.
The third most visited McDonald’s in the world is located in Kiev, near the train station. This restaurant has always been in the top five most crowded McDonald’s in the world.
The official Guinness world record: Ukrainians recently made the world’s largest glass of champagne – 56.25 liters. The gargantuan flute holds about 75 standard-sized bottles of Champagne
First modern kerosene lamps are invented by Ignacy Łukasiewicz, in Lviv in 1853 and Robert Edwin Dietz from USA, at the same time, independent of each other. In March 1853 this lamp illuminated pharmacy’s "Under the Golden Star" window (now pharmacy at Kopernika street, 1). And 31 July that year Lviv City Hospital surgeon Zagorski conducted the first night emergency surgery with the help of kerosene lamps which lit the operating-room. Subsequently, oil lamp was presented at the International Exhibition in Munich.
In Ukraine, as with many Eastern European countries, smiling is only for laughter, rather than for a friendly hello. Don’t feel weird if Ukrainians don’t smile at you, since all it means is they’re not laughing at you!
"O Sole Mio" was composed by Eduardo Di Capua in Odessa during April 1898. Setting his music to the poem by Giovanni Capurro, Di Capua drew his inspiration while touring Crimea with his father (a violinist street musician). Di Capua and Capurro sold the rights of the song to the Bideri publishing house for 25 lire.
Ukrainian national costume is called “vyshyvanka” – a plain white shirt made of linen and decorated with floral or ornamental embroidery. Worn by both men and women on numerous occasions. The best ones are still hand-made.
Another part of the women traditional costume is “vinok” – a wreath made of real or fake flowers with long colorful ribbons attached to the back of it. Each color of the ribbons decorating wreath, also had its own meaning. For example, green was the symbol of beauty and youth, purple stood for wisdom.On the day of Ivana Kupala, young women place their wreaths in a river or lake along with a lit candle. If a woman’s vinok drifted away, she would marry.
Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square), the central square of Kyiv, nowadays is being clearly associated with the struggle of Ukrainians for democracy, freedom and European choice. It is here that the citizens of Ukraine proved many times to the world that they are a European nation, which is ready to defend European values.It is here that in 2013 began a Revolution of Dignity, perhaps the only time in European history, when the people fought and died for their rights under the EU flag.
In the modern history of Ukraine, the Maidan Nezalezhnosti (Independence Square) became known worldwide for the events of the Orange Revolution and the Revolution of Dignity.
At the end of 2013, when the leadership of the state refused to sign the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU, the Maidan Nezalezhnosti and Khreshchatyk Street became the epicentre of non-violent civil protest, called EuroMaidan, which subsequently covered the whole Ukraine.
Ukraine is a really amazing country with many interesting places to see,,, Ukraine is the coutry with seas of sun-flowers streatching below blue sky. It ia a country of the beautiful women, picturesque nature, delicious cuisine. I LOVE YOU MY BEAUTIFUL COUNTRY!!! I LOVE YOU WITH ALL MY HEART...